Design in times of turmoil: Displacement, Replacement, Emplacement

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May 14-15, 2015
Yasar University, İzmir

Jeremy Aynsley
Professor of Design History, University of Brighton.
Chair, Design History Society UK

“It was inevitable:”
Reads the opening of Nobel Laureate Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s much
acclaimed book, Love in The Time of Cholera. “It was inevitable: the
scent of bitter almonds always reminded him of the fate of unrequited
love.” And it is inevitable: every news item on wars, revolts and disasters
reminds us of the fate of people suffering. It is inevitable for designers
not to ponder the place of design in a world in turmoil. Turmoil, as a
state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty may apply to
subjects as well as cultures, societies, and marginalized identities.
What are the potentials and shortcomings of design when people face
constant fear, danger, death, hunger and sickness; when they strive to
continue their lives in search of new normalcies in unsettling, unhomely
and unfriendly environments? Is it possible to talk about an emancipatory
position for design under these circumstances? What can be the designer’s
capacity and role in anxiety-ridden contexts embedded in uncertainty? How
does design respond to turmoil in various scales and define, reinforce, or
exacerbate such conditions? Can design resist, preempt, or avert turmoil?
This year’s symposium adresses such questions under specific conditions
of displacement, replacement and emplacement. These are highly charged
terms, loaded with multiple meanings, some of which are cited below to
indicate the span of possible approaches for symposium presentations.
Papers are welcome to focus on one of the thematic categories or their
intersections at various levels in the context of different design fields including
spaces, buildings, industrial products, graphics, clothing and others.

Displacement: 1. The removal of someone or something by
someone or something else which takes their place; 2. The enforced
departure of people from their homes, typically because of war,
persecution, or natural disaster; 3. (Psychoanalysis) The unconscious
transfer of an intense emotion from one object to another
• Geographical displacement, i.e. war and forced migration
• Cultural displacement, i.e., hybrid cultural practices caused by migration
• Professional displacement, i.e., unprecedented
tasks for established professions
• Technological displacement, i.e., new media taking
the place of the traditional desigers’ role
• Domestic displacement, i.e. places of the homeless

Replacement: 1. A person or thing that takes the place of another; 2. A
person who fills the role of (someone or something) with a substitute; 3. An
immediate renewal of an unsuccessful attack, often while still on the lunge
• Corporeal replacement, i.e. prosthesis after personal turmoil or traumas
• Replacement of needs and priorities in everyday life
• Replacement of realities, i.e. the role of histories, memories,
dreams and hopes in coping with turmoil.

Emplacement: 1. A structure on or in which something is
firmly placed; 2. A platform or defended position where a gun
is placed for firing; 3. (chiefly Geology) The process or state
of setting something in place or being set in place
• Geographical emplacement, i.e. refugee camps
• Urban emplacement, i.e. urban renewal
• Corporeal emplacement, i.e. migrant enclaves
• Cultural emplacement, i.e. gentrification
Participants are invited to address these or similar themes as they relate to
design discourses, production processes, products, producers and users.

Those who are interested in contributing papers to the tenth 4T
Symposium are invited to submit a title and an abstract of 250-300 words
through EasyChair (
by January 30th 2015. Registration to EasyChair is essential in order
to submit abstracts. The symposium language is English, therefore
all abstracts, presentations and papers should be in English. For any
further questions please contact Bahar Emgin (
tr). Selected proposals will be announced on February 27th, 2015.
Deadlines will not be deferred.
For further information please visit conference website

Prof. Dr. Tevfik Balcıoğlu
Prof. Dr. Gülsüm Baydar

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Özgen Osman Demirbaş
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Şebnem Yücel
Assist. Prof. Dr. Zeynep Arda
Dr. Özlem Taşkın Erten
Ömer Durmaz
Dr. Bahar Emgin

Didem Dönmez
Yasemin Oksel
Selin Gençtürk
Eda Paykoç
Umut Altıntaş

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Chiara Lecce

Chiara Lecce received her MA in Interior Design (2008) and her PhD in Interior Architecture & Exhibition Design (2013; with the thesis: “Living Interiors in the Digital Age: the Smart Home”) from the Politecnico di Milano. Since 2008 she has been engaged in teaching activities, in History of Design classes and Interior Design studio, at the Design School of the Politecnico di Milano, collaborating with professors Giampiero Bosoni and Ico Migliore. Since 2013 she has been managing editor of the scientific journal PAD (Pages on Arts and Design) and member of AIS/Design (Italian Association of Design Historians). She is the author of several articles featured in various design journals. She is currently research fellow and lecturer at the Design Department of the Politecnico di Milano, with a focus on exhibition design history and methodologies. In 2016 she was a tutor within the H2020 European project “Design for Enterprises”. Since 2009 she has been collaborating with the Franco Albini Foundation and with other Italian design archives, while continuing to work as a freelance interior designer.

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